Collared Inca (Coeligena torquata)
The Collared Inca (Coeligena torquata) is widespread and common in the humid montane forests of western Venezuela, through Colombia and Ecuador, south to Peru and Bolivia. It will be found mainly between 2200 and 2700 meters above sea level but sometimes from 1000 to 3000 meters. The average size of this hummingbird is 11.4 cm (4.5 inches) in length. The collared Inca is easily identified by its long straight thin black bill and large triangular patch across the lower throat and breast. It also flashes white tail feathers in flight.