Image from page 612 of "The Americana : a universal reference library, comprising the arts and sciences, literature, history, biograhy, geography, commerce, etc., of the world" (1903)
Subjects: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
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iIissoudiyck, has beenrebuilt in Italy. It has now two 9.2-inch gunsand 12 6-inch and is over 17 knots an hour.There are also now in the navy two torpedogunboats and four large torpedo boats of mod-ern construction. Religion and Education.— Mohammedism isthe oflicially established and recognized religion,but other forms of worship are tolerated. In1897 the Moslems formed 92.23 per cent of thewhole population; the Christians, 7.50 per cent;the Jews 0.26 per cent: and others o.oi per cent.The Koran (q.v.) is the supreme authority inreligion as in law and government. The Sul-tan is looked upon as the direct successor ofMohammed. The Christians in Turkey belongchiefly to the Greek, Roman Catholic, and someProtestant churches. The Maronite, some ofthe Armenian, Copt, and Greek rites acknow-ledge the supremacy of the Pope. The Ansaries
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1. Mosque of St. Sophia, at Constantinople. 2. The interior of St. Sophia. TURKEY and Druses are in Syria (q.v.), and other re-ligious denominations are allowed to exist invarious portions of the empire. In 1903 therewere 2,120 mosques in Turkey, of which num-ber 379 were in Constantinople (see Govern-ment). In i86g a change in educational matters wasinstituted when provisions were made for estab-lishing elementary schools, for boys and girls,in every commune, a higher grade of schools inevery town, industrial and normal schools, anda university. Elementary instruction is nomi-nally obligatory for boys from 6 to II years ofage. and for girls from 6 to 10 years. The sub-jects included in elementary instruction are theTurkish language, the Koran, history, geog-raphy, arithmetic, and hand-work of variouskinds. The additional subjects for the higherschools in charge of American Protestant mis-ical and natural sciences, and geometry. An im-perial school of medicine was founded by thegovern
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