Görlitz: Blick von der Frauenkirche vorbei am ehemaligen Warenhaus zum Dicken Turm - Looking from the Church of Our Lady to the former Department Store and behind it the "Thick Tower" on Marienplatz
Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.