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歐洲椋鳥  European Starling | by Hiyashi Haka
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歐洲椋鳥 European Starling

學名: Sturnus vulgaris

英名: European Starling

Family : Sturnidae (椋鳥科). Length: 20-22 cm.

紫翅椋鳥全長約20厘米,頭、喉及前頸部呈輝亮的銅綠色;背、肩、腰及尾上复羽為紫銅色,而且淡黃白色羽端,略似白斑;腹部為沾綠色的銅黑色,翅黑褐色,綴以褐色寬邊。夏羽和冬羽稍有變化。紫翅椋鳥食性較雜,以黃地老虎、蝗蟲等農田害蟲和尺蠖、柳毒蛾、紅松葉蜂等森林害蟲為食,但在秋季也聚集在果園中竊食果子或在稻田中啄食稻穀。

分佈於歐亞大陸及非洲北部,印度次大陸及中國的西南地區, 馬爾代夫以及中國西藏的東南部地區等。並且已引進北美、南非和澳大利亞南部等地。中國為新疆西北部夏候鳥,遷徙時可見,為台灣冬候鳥。

The common starling (Sturnus vulgaris), also known as the European starling or in the British Isles just the starling, is a medium-sized passerine bird in the starling family Sturnidae. It is about 20 cm long and has glossy black plumage, which is speckled with white at some times of year. The legs are pink and the bill is black in winter and yellow in summer; young birds have browner plumage than the adults. It is a noisy bird, especially in communal roosts and other gregarious situations, with an unmusical but varied song.

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Uploaded on November 6, 2016