Great Green Macaw (Ara ambiguus)
Evergreen Lodge, Tortuguero, Costa Rica.
The Great Green Macaw, also known as Buffon's macaw, is a Central and South American parrot found in Nicaragua, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador.
Great Green Macaw, at 1.3 kg, is the third heaviest parrot species in the world.
This species was previously widespread in Central and northern South America, but populations have today become severely reduced. The decline is mainly due to a loss of habitat throughout the region. Lowland forests have been converted to banana plantations and cattle ranching, thus producing habitat that is no longer suitable for this parrot. In Costa Rica, the mountain almond is logged as a valuable tropical hardwood used for flooring and truck beds; this tree provides vital food and shelter for the great green macaw and its removal has had devastating consequences to the species. In addition, this highly attractive parrot is under demand from the illegal pet trade and may be captured as a result. In both Ecuador and Costa Rica numbers of the great green macaw are worryingly low. The Great Green Macaw is endangered.