Pittsburgh: Skyline from Mount Washington
Four of the five tallest buildings in Pittsburgh--from left to right, PPG Place, the US Steel Tower, the BNY Mellon Center and One Oxford Centre.
One PPG Place was built in 1984 to the neogothic design of Johnson/Burgee Architects. The complex, consisting of six buildings all of matching glass design, was named for its anchor tenant, PPG Industries (formerly Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company). The main tower rises 40 floors and 635 feet tall (545-feet to the roof).
The U.S. Steel Tower, at 600 Grant Street, was built in 1970 to the design of Harrison, Abramovitz & Abbe. At 64 floors and a height of 841-feet, it is the tallest skyscraper in Pittsburgh. Originally built as the U.S. Steel Building, its name was changed to the USX Tower in 1988, before becoming the U.S. Steel Tower in 2002. The U. S. Steel Tower is noted for its triangular shape with indented corners and its massive exterior Cor-ten steel columns. The tower contains over 44,000 U.S. tons (40,000 metric tons) of structural steel. Although no longer the owner of the building, U.S. Steel is one of the largest tenants, occupying 500,000 square feet of office space. The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) occupies an additional 500,000 square feet.
The BNY Mellon Center, at 500 Grant Street, was built in 1983 to the design of Welton Becket and Associates. The 55-floor, 725-foot skyscraper was originally built to be the world headquarters of the Dravo Corporation (now Carmeuse Corporation). Since its inception, it housed the global headquarters of the Mellon Financial Corporation, which merged with the Bank of New York in 2007. Originally named One Mellon Center, it was rebranded in 2008. Prominent features of the building include its eight-sided design, mansard roof and rooftop heliport.
One Oxford Centre, at 301 Grant Street, was built in 1983 to the design of architectural firm, Hellmuth Obata & Kassabaum. Although it is mainly identified by its a 46-floor, 615-foot main tower, it is actually a complex of six "buildings," all of matching glass and steel design. The complex is named for Oxford Development Company, the building owner.