Horse serum production at King Institute, India
Horses and mules at the King Institute, a snakebite antivenin production facility, at Guindy, Chennai, India in December 2000. The equines are injected with snake venom, causing them to form antibodies. Blood serum is then drawn and the antivenin extracted. More than 70 of the King Institute's 350 equines died during 2000, due to a combination of advanced age, inadequate food and water, little exercise, no hoof care, rough handling, excessive injections and withdrawals, and veterinary incompetence.
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