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Image from page 74 of "The new international encyclopaedia" (1905) | by Internet Archive Book Images
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Image from page 74 of "The new international encyclopaedia" (1905)

Identifier: newinternational15gilm

Title: The new international encyclopaedia

Year: 1905 (1900s)

Authors: Gilman, Daniel Coit, 1831-1908 Peck, Harry Thurston, 1856-1914 Colby, Frank Moore, 1865-1925

Subjects: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Publisher: New York : Dodd, Mead

Contributing Library: University of California Libraries

Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive



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nds as of much importance during theheroic age. but of little importance in latertimes. Its situation on a lofty hill commandingthe roads from Mantinea to the north made it aposition of some strategical value during thetime of the Macedonian wars and the Achie.ijiLeague. ORCIN (from orchil, archil, from OF. orchcl,orchril, orscil, Fr. orseillc. It. orcelhi. oriccUo,archil; of uncertain origin), CjH^O, + HjO. Acolorless substance contained in the lichens fromwhich the commercial coloring matters archiland litmus (qq.v.) are made. It has a sweetislinauseating taste, but no odor, and is soluble inwater, alcohol, and ether. In the hydrated stateit melts at 58° C.; in the anhydrous state at108° C. Its chemical constitution is representedby the formula C,H:,(CH,) (OHK. showing it tobe a di-oxy-toluene. Besides being contained inthe lichens ready-formed, it is produced in con-siderable quantities from the orcellinic acid con-tained in the lichens when the latter are heated AMERICAN ORCHIDS


Text Appearing After Image:

r I9C2 3V0C0? VEAD&COKi CALYPSO -CALYPSO BOREAUS MOCCASIN PLOWER - CYPRIPEDIUM HUM-LELAOtESTR£SSES - SPlRANTHES CERNUASNAKE MOUTH-POGONIA OPHlOG LOSSO; D£S 5 GRASS PINK-CALOPC 6 RATTLESNAKE PLANTA. . ,.-^. ., „ . ^r, ., r-i^-^ ■- 7 YELLOW FRINGED ORC H I O - HA BcNARt A CILIA 8 PURPLEFRINGED ORCHIO -HABENARIA FiME ORCIN. with lime. It lias also been prepared artificially.When exposed to the simultaneous action ofammonia and oxygen, orein is transformed intoorcein (q.v.;. OECXJS. The Latin name of Hades. ORD, Edwaed Otho Cresap (1818-83). AnAmeiican soldier, born at Cumberland, ild. Hegraduated at West Point in 1839, was commis-sioned a second lieutenant in the Third Artillery,and sent to Florida, where he took part in theSeminole War {183iJ-42). During the war withJlexico he performed garrison dutj at jMonterey,Cal. (1847-49), and in 1850 was promoted to becaptain. During the following 3ears he wasengaged on frontier duty, and saw much activeservice against the Hidians, but



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