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Tartous' Museum | by Kinan M Ibrahim
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Tartous' Museum

The Crusaders called the city Antartus, and also Tortosa. First captured by Raymond of Saint-Gilles, it was left in 1105 to his son Alfonso Jordan and was known as Tortosa. In 1123 the Crusaders built the church of Our Lady of Tortosa upon this site. It now houses this altar and has received many pilgrims. The Cathedral itself was used as a mosque after the Muslim reconquest of the city, then as a barracks by the Ottomans. It was renovated under the French and is now the city museum, containing antiquities recovered from Amrit and many other sites in the region. Nur ad-Din Zangi retrieved Tartus from the Crusaders for a brief time before he lost it again. In 1152, Tortosa was handed to the Knights Templar, who used it as a military headquarters. They engaged in some major building projects, constructing a castle with a large chapel and an elaborate keep, surrounded by thick double concentric walls.[6] The Templars' mission was to protect the city and surrounding lands, some of which had been occupied by Christian settlers, from Muslim attack. The city of Tortosa was recaptured by Saladin in 1188, and the main Templar headquarters relocated to Cyprus. However, in Tortosa, some Templars were able to retreat into the keep, which they continued to use as a base for the next 100 years. They steadily added to its fortifications until it also fell, in 1291. Tortosa was the last outpost of the Templars on the Syrian mainland, after which they retreated to a garrison on the nearby island of Arwad, which they kept for another decade.

 

متحف طرطوس كان كاتدرائية جدت عام 1105 م. تهدمت بزلزال 387م ثم أعيد إنشاؤها في القرن الثاني عشر. وهي تتألف من ثلاثة أجنحة طولها 40م وعرضها 27م ولها باب ضخم تزينه قولبات وبابان جانبيان، رممتها إدارة الآثار السورية وحولتها إلى متحف يضم أجزاء من آثار الساحل السوري ومنطقة طرطوس. يضم المتحف ثلاثة اجنحة، ففي الجناح الجانبي الأيمن عرضت آثار الأزمنة التاريخية القديمة. وفي الجناح الرئيسي عرضت آثار العصور الإسلامية، أما في الجناح الجانبي الأيسر فلقد خصص للفنون الشعبية الساحلية. وفيما يتعلق بالعصور القديمة خصصت خزائن لمكتشفات أوغاريت وأخرى لمكتشفات تل سوكاس وغيرها لمكتشفات عمريت؛ منها قناديل وتماثيل صغيرة تعود إلى القرن الرابع ق.م وتماثيل نصفية، وتمثال بالطين المشوي ومصنوعات برونزية فيها آلات جراحية تعود إلى العصر الكلاسيكي الإغريقي-الروماني.

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Taken on August 10, 2011