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29.5.09 - © All rights reserved

2.277 / 280 / 844 / 17 galleries

 

~PERCEPTION group - Frontpage 16.june 09

www.flickr.com/groups/perception/

 

- The Dark Knight and his Moonlit Princess group - Feb.2010

Your picture is chosen for the frontpage mosaic “Best theme shots – Nature Close-ups"

www.flickr.com/groups/1401501@N22/

  

# (2) Poppy -Papaver rhoeas - Klatschmohn

 

~stretching out the first red transparent delicate bloom leaf -tasting how it feels outside ~ ♫ Let the sun shine in ♫

 

have a wonderful weekend my dear friends!

thanks for all your shown appreciation and encouragement.

  

Merci à Lenabem pour sa très belle texture :)

Thanks to Lenabem for his beautiful texture :)

 

www.flickr.com/photos/lenabem-anna/8256655263/

Paris, non loin de Matignon. Nous sommes un mardi. Il fait très froid.

Une réunion professionnelle au Bristol avec Eric Frechon, grand Chef émérite et d'une belle humanité.

Je profite de l'occasion pour vagabonder dans ce quartier animé et argenté. Sur les trottoirs gris vont et viennent des gens simples ou fortunés, souvent in-différenciables.... Dans un chassé croisé de taxis, un petit peuple d'"élus" vivent de riches heures dans un quotidien fait d'une banalité toute "confondante"...

...

Traduct by Dominique Wormald

www.flickr.com/photos/89029704@N08/

 

Paris, not far from Matignon. It was Tuesday and very cold.

I had a business meeting at the Bristol's with Eric Frechon, a highly skilled Chef and a very nice man.

I took the opportunity to wander in this lively and silvery coloured area. On the pavements people from all walks of life (although most of the time they all look the same) are coming and going.... A lot of taxis. And for the “chosen” few people life is good , for the rest life is more mundane.

 

Street poster of an exibition in Venice.

(Part of a painting, portrait of Luisa Casati, by Augustus John).

fashionsmostwanted.blogspot.it/2010/04/marquesa-luisa-cas...

Gardens of the Chateau de Chantilly, Chantilly, France.

 

jcroldanphoto.com/

Merci à Neighya pour sa très belle texture !

 

Thank you to Neighya for its beautiful texture!

 

www.flickr.com/photos/neighya/5505574264/

--- Belle Epoque@Collabor88

 

Belle Epoque { Beatrice } Green

 

--- The Looking Glass New@Swank

 

TLG - Glam Poppies

TLG - Glam Poppies Gold

TLG - Glam Poppies Silver

TLG - Glam Poppy Coffee Table

TLG - Glam Poppy Floral Bust

TLG - Glam Poppy Hall Table

TLG - Glam Poppy Round Fur Rug

TLG - Glam Poppy Round Poppy Rug

TLG - Glam Poppy Shimmer Curtain

TLG - Glam Poppy Shimmer Curtain Red

TLG - Glam Poppy Wall Art

TLG - Glam Poppy Wall Clock

TLG - Joy to the World Candles Gold

TLG - Joy to the World Lanterns Gold

TLG - Joy to the World Table Lamp Gold

TLG - Swank Event - Island Sprites Group Gift

TLG - The Encounter Chairs Gold PG

TLG - The Encounter Chairs Red ADULT

  

Credits

Mixed Media on Paper

by Belle

Watercolour on 140 lb. Arches Cold Press.

This painting was based on a huge old house we found in Punta Gorda, Florida while on a walk one morning. It had grown old gracefully and still had an air of mystery about it, especially emphasized by the Spanish moss growing on the surrounding trees.

 

I used this as my subject in my last workshop with Merv Richardson on Wednesday of this week. In this painting we splashed on colour (3 primaries in this case) before starting to render the subject. It certainly does away with worrying about the background. I am sorry the workshops are finished as I have thoroughly enjoyed all of them. Hopefully Merv will come again next year to our art group.

 

HAPPY BIRTHDAY to another very vibrant Southern Belle, Lin Frye. I hope it is a fantastic one, Lin.

Haley Westenra sings

 

"The clouds travel like white handkerchiefs of goodbye…"

Pablo Neruda -- for edinei! ♡

 

Location: Above Home

Mindwalker Beach

 

Pose: Michelle ma Belle by LouLou Teichmann of Bauhaus Movement

 

Wearing: *Coco* ball-jointed doll avatar

Hair by Anya Ohmai

Blouse & skirt by Mutresse

Apple bracelets by L'enfant Terrible

 

Threshold & Doorway from the Cloudland set by iBi 8F8

 

Blogging soon at:

Suburban Halfling in Virtual Paradise

++++++ from wikipedia +++++++++

 

Biarritz (French pronunciation: ​[bjaʁits]; Basque: Biarritz [biarits̻] or Miarritze [miarits̻e]; Gascon Occitan: Biàrritz [ˈbjarits]) is a city on the Bay of Biscay, on the Atlantic coast in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the French Basque Country in southwestern France. It is located 35 kilometres (22 mi) from the border with Spain. It is a luxurious seaside tourist destination known for the Hôtel du Palais (originally built for the Empress Eugénie circa 1855), its casinos and its surfing culture.

 

Contents

 

1 Geography

2 Etymology

3 History

3.1 Prehistory

3.2 Middle Ages

3.3 Whaling

3.4 18th century

3.5 19th century

3.6 Belle Époque

3.7 After World War II

3.8 The arrival of surfing in Europe

4 Main sights

5 Climate

6 Politics

6.1 Mayors

7 Demography

8 Economy

9 Culture

9.1 Languages

9.2 Museums

9.3 Music and dance

9.4 Theatre

9.5 Cinema

9.6 Civil buildings

9.7 Religious buildings

9.8 Parks

9.8.1 Rocks

9.8.2 Beaches

9.8.3 Gardens

10 Infrastructures

10.1 Sport

10.2 Education

10.2.1 Schools

10.2.2 High Schools

10.3 Transport

11 Notable people and popular culture

12 International relations

12.1 Twin towns/sister cities

13 Festivities

14 References

15 External links

 

Geography

 

Biarritz is located in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It is adjacent to Bayonne and Anglet and 35 kilometres (22 mi) from the border with Spain. It is in the traditional province of Labourd in the French Basque Country.

Etymology

 

In Basque, its name is Biarritz or Miarritze. Its current Occitan Gascon name is Biàrrits. The name for an inhabitant is Biarrot; Biarriztar ou Miarriztar in Basque. The suffix -itz (cp. Isturitz) is a Basque locative. The name appears as Bearriz in 1170, Bearids in 1186, and Bearritz in 1249.

 

Biarritz appears as Bearids and Bearriz in 1150, Beiarridz in 1165, Bearriz and Beariz in 1170, Bearidz (1186), Bearriz and Beariz (12th century), lo port de Beiarriz and Bearridz in 1261, (cartulaire de Bayonne). Other forms include Beiarid (1199), Bearritz (1249), Beiarriz and Beiarrids (1261), Bearridz (1281), Bearrits (1338), (rôles gascons), Bearritz (1498, chapitre de Bayonne38), Sanctus Martinus de Biarriz (1689, collations du diocèse de Bayonne39), mearritcen (1712), Biarrits (1863, dictionnaire topographique Béarn-Pays basque) et Biarritze et Miarritze au XIXe siècleNote 10.

History

Prehistory

 

Analysis of stones from the Middle Paleolithic show that the Biarritz area was inhabited at that time.

Middle Ages

 

The oldest mention appears in a cartulary, Baiona’s Golden book, from 1186, where it is named Bearids; some years later the name used was Beiarrids. The first urban town was to the south, at the top and at the interior, where the church of San Martin is located. This church is the oldest in Biarritz.

 

In 1152, Eleanor of Aquitaine married Henry II of England, who became suzerain of the Duchy of Aquitaine. Prince Edward, oldest son of Henry III of England, was invested with the duchy, and betrothed to Eleanor of Castile, who brought him rights over Gascony.

 

Two population centers are attested in the Middle Ages. On the one hand, the église Saint-Martin was active in the neighborhoods in the territory's interior, which were:[1]

 

Gardague (mentioned en 1233)

Legure (lac Mouriscot)

Larrepunte and the domains of Silloete-de-Bas and Silloete-de-Haut,

Arretegui,

Chabiague,

Castera,

Suhy,

Itçar (mentioned in 1342),

Monsegur (1335),

Martin Petit,

Chohy,

Maron,

Catalina

Harausta (which would become La Négresse).

 

On the other hand, the château of Belay (first mentioned in 1342), also called château de Ferragus, protected the coast and the current Port-Vieux (old port), while religious life and community assemblies took place at Notre-Dame-de-Pitié (a chapel mentioned in 1498), dominating the Port-des-Pêcheurs, or fishing port.

 

A document dated May 26, 1342 attested to this fishing activity, authorising les Biarrots to "(…) remit to Bayonne all the fresh fish that we and succeeding inhabitantsof Biarritz can fish from the salt sea".

 

Construction of the château de Ferragus was decided by the English, on the foundations of a Roman work, at the summit of the promontory overlooking the sea, named Atalaye, used as a whale-observation post. This château had a double crenulated wall two meters thick, a drawbridge and four towers. Mentions of this château occur as late as 1603, in the letters patent of Henry IV. One tower remained as of 1739, when a daymark was established there, called de la Haille, then de la Humade. The tower disappeared in 1856.

Whaling

Further information: History of Basque whaling

 

Most of the documents, records and official agreements gathered in the archives from Biarritz mention whaling. This was the principal local industry. Consequently, the town's coat of arms features the image of a whale below a rowing boat manned by five sailors wearing berets, one of whom is preparing to throw a harpoon. This inscription is written on it: Aura, sidus, mare, adjuvant me (The air, the stars and the seas are helping me).

 

Biarritz has long made its living from the sea: from the 12th century onwards, it was a whaling town. In the 18th century, doctors claimed that the ocean at Biarritz had therapeutic properties, inspiring patients to make pilgrimages to the beach for alleged cures for their ailments. After the 7th century, Biarritz had many confrontations with Baiona, with the Kingdom of England – Lapurdi was under its control – and with the Bishop of Baiona. Almost all of the disputes were about whale hunting. In 1284, the town's right to hunt whales was reinstated by the authorities of Lapurdi and the Duchy of Aquitaine.

 

From the Middle Ages and Early modern period a watchtower has looked down over the sea at Biarritz, from “La Humade”, waiting for the sight of a whale. Whenever those keeping watch saw a whale, they would burn wet straw, to create a large amount of smoke and thus communicate the news to their fellow countrymen. Eventually, however, the tower disappeared.

 

In the 16th century, as a consequence of the attacks suffered in this area, or for other reasons, the whales migrated to other places. Whale hunters from Lapurdi therefore crossed the Atlantic Ocean in pursuit of them, and they spent some time in the Labrador Peninsula and in Newfoundland (island). Later, instead of hunting whales, they started cod fishing in Newfoundland. A century later, due to the ban on fishing off the coasts of America and the steely competence of English and Dutch fishermen, the number of fishing boats from Biarritz diminished and nowadays, the Biarritz fishing industry in these areas has come to an end.

 

Even though the population from Biarritz was originally Basque, it is hard to assert whether the main language of the village was Basque or French.

 

The first lighthouse of the village was built in 1650.

18th century

The Cape of Biarritz.

 

Biarritz was an independent municipality, until 1784, a clergyman, four sworn and the city was governed by twelve deputies. Deputies were democratically chosen: there were four neighbourhoods (Portua, Bustingorri, Hurlaga and Alto), and three deputies has to be chosen from each of them. However, deputies were chosen by the abbot and sworn. Since they had no Town House, they gathered in a ward near the church. As they did not have place for all the attending people, they made their meetings in the cemetery. That time, Biarritz was composed of around 1,700 citizens.

 

In the mid-18th century, the city began to change into a worldwide known bath-city.

19th century

 

From 1784 onwards, after the French Revolution, taking a bath at the sea was no longer a behaviour of those who were fools; sea-baths were fashionable. In 1808, Napoleon himself broke prejudices and took a bath on the Basque Country’s coastal water.

 

In 1840, the Town House or Municipality of Biarritz started to organize an initiative in order to promote and attract those who loved most the sea.

 

From the 11th century, Biarritz was a village dedicated to whale hunting, until Victor Hugo, found it in 1843. This writer made to Biarritz the following compliments on his book “Alpeak eta Pirinioak” :

 

« I have not met in the world any place more pleasant and perfect than Biarritz. I have never seen the old Neptune throwing joy and glory with such a force in the old Cybele. All this coast is full of humming. Gascony’s sea grinds, scratches, and stretches on the reefs its never ending whisper. Friendly population and white cheerful houses, large dunes, fine sand, great caves and proud sea, Biarritz is amazing. My only fear is Biarritz becoming fashionable. Whether this happens, the wild village, rural and still honest Biarritz, will be money-hungry. Biarritz will put poplars in the hills, railings in the dunes, kiosks in the rocks, seats in the caves, trousers worn on tourists. »

 

Either for good or for bad, Victor Hugo’s prophecy was fulfilled. Biarritz planted poplars, tamarinds, hydrangeas, roses and pitosforuses on the slopes and the hills, set railings on the dunes, covered moats with elegant stairs… and polluted with the speculation of the land and the money-hunger.

 

Humble and proud tourists praise Biarritz’s coast, from the beach at the limit of Bidarte (Plage des Basques), to the cape of San Martin. There it can be found a white lighthouse 44 metres (144 feet) tall, built in 1834 replacing the one Louis XIV ordered to build. Various hotels were made, as well as a municipal casino, the club Belleuve and the casino were opened in 1857, the thalassotherapy house, and wonderful luxury houses. Luxurious store shops from London and Paris were also set up in Biarritz, and 36 small newspapers were published in the village.

Hôtel du Palais, Biarritz, France(2).JPG

Hôtel du Palais, Biarritz, France (2)

 

Biarritz became more renowned in 1854 when Empress Eugenie (the wife of Napoleon III) built a palace on the beach (now the Hôtel du Palais). European royalty, including British monarchs Queen Victoria and King Edward VII (who caused a minor scandal when he called H. H. Asquith to kiss hands at Biarritz in 1908 rather than return to London for the purpose),[2] and the Spanish king Alfonso XIII, were frequent visitors.

 

Biarritz's casino (opened 10 August 1901) and beaches make the town a notable tourist centre for Europeans and East Coast North Americans. The city has also become a prime destination for surfers from around the world, developing a nightlife and surf-based culture.

 

Originally, there were two settlement sites: the neighbourhood that was around the church of San Martin, and the fishing-port defended by Belay or Ferragus Castle. The coat of arms was a whaler, which was a symbol of the town.

 

Opened in June 1893, Biarritz’s salt-baths were designed and built by the architect Lagarde. From the gatzagas of Beskoitz and after passing through a 20-kilometre (12 mi) pipe, water ten times saltier than the sea was used. The baths were closed in 1953 and demolished in 1968.

 

The presence of French Republic’s authorities and the fact of having launched the Paris-Henday train, led Biarritz to become one of the most outstanding tourist areas all over Europe. The queen of the beaches became the beach of the kings: Oskar II from Sweden, Leopoldo from Belgium, tireless traveller, the empress of Russia, Nikolas II’s mother, Elisabeth from Austria, Natalia from Serbia, and her ill son Alexandro, Jurgi V from England, Eduardo VII and England’s Queen Victoria, Alfonso XIII from Spain, aristocrats, rich people, actors, from Europe and South America… In the summer-time, high-status people gathered in Biarritz. Therefore, the number of population remarkably increased, from 5,000 to 18,000. At the end of the 19th century, 50,000 vacationers were gathering in Biarritz.

Belle Époque

Biarritz market.

 

The big store named Biarritz Bonheur, created in 1894, enlarged twice (in 1911 and 1926), and still operating, became the temple of luxury and fashion. At the start of the 20th century, most of its workers spoke in English.

After World War II

 

At the end of World War II in Europe, the U.S. Army's Information and Educational Branch was ordered to establish an overseas university campus for demobilized American service men and women in the French resort town of Biarritz. Under General Samuel L. McCroskey, the hotels and casinos of Biarritz were converted into quarters, labs, and class spaces for U.S. service personnel. The University opened 10 August 1945 and about 10,000 students attended an eight-week term. This campus was set up to provide a transition between army life and subsequent attendance at a university in the USA, so students attended for just one term. After three successful terms, the G.I. University closed in March 1946 (see G. I. American Universities).[3]

The arrival of surfing in Europe

 

In 1957, the American film director Peter Viertel was in Biarritz with his wife Deborah Kerr working on the film The Sun Also Rises. One of his Californian friends came for a visit, and his use of a surfboard off Biarritz is recognized as the first time surfing was practised in Europe. Biarritz eventually became one of the most popular European surfing spots.

Main sights

 

Sights in Biarritz include:

 

The Asiatica Museum houses a significant collection of Asian art primarily from India, Nepal, Tibet, and China.

The Museum of the Sea has 24 aquaria containing sharks and seals.

The annual Biarritz Surf Festival, founded in 1993 at the Côte des Basques, is one of the premier surf events in Europe and longboarding events in the world.[4]

St-Martin's Church, constructed in the 12th century, restored in the mid-16th century.

The Russian Orthodox Church, built in the 19th century for visiting Russian aristocrats, has a famous blue dome.

The Chapelle Imperiale built for Empress Eugenie has an intricately decorated roof interior and elegant wall tiling. She also built a palace on the beach which is now the Hôtel du Palais.

The Museum of Chocolate explains the history and manufacture of chocolate.

Two large casinos, the Barrière and the Bellevue, sit on the waterfront near the Grande Plage.

 

Cliffs and lookouts lie to the west of the main beach.

Climate

 

Biarritz has a temperate oceanic climate, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification.

 

Les baigneuses à Biarritz

 

Biarritz from the Pointe Saint-Martin.

 

La Grande Plage, the town's largest beach.

 

Sainte-Eugénie church.

 

Outdoor cafés.

 

Notre Dame du Rocher.

 

Plage Miramar

 

Railway poster

 

Climate data for Biarritz-Anglet (altitude 69 metres (226 feet), 1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 23.4

(74.1) 28.9

(84) 29.7

(85.5) 32.1

(89.8) 34.8

(94.6) 39.2

(102.6) 39.8

(103.6) 40.6

(105.1) 37.0

(98.6) 32.2

(90) 27.8

(82) 25.1

(77.2) 40.6

(105.1)

Average high °C (°F) 12.0

(53.6) 12.8

(55) 15.0

(59) 16.2

(61.2) 19.6

(67.3) 22.1

(71.8) 24.1

(75.4) 24.7

(76.5) 23.2

(73.8) 20.0

(68) 15.1

(59.2) 12.5

(54.5) 18.1

(64.6)

Average low °C (°F) 4.8

(40.6) 5.0

(41) 7.0

(44.6) 8.5

(47.3) 11.6

(52.9) 14.6

(58.3) 16.7

(62.1) 17.0

(62.6) 14.5

(58.1) 11.9

(53.4) 7.7

(45.9) 5.5

(41.9) 10.4

(50.7)

Record low °C (°F) −12.7

(9.1) −11.5

(11.3) −7.2

(19) −1.3

(29.7) 3.3

(37.9) 5.3

(41.5) 9.2

(48.6) 8.6

(47.5) 5.3

(41.5) −0.6

(30.9) −5.7

(21.7) −8.9

(16) −12.7

(9.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 128.8

(5.071) 111.5

(4.39) 103.5

(4.075) 129.7

(5.106) 113.9

(4.484) 87.8

(3.457) 69.3

(2.728) 98.4

(3.874) 119.6

(4.709) 152.1

(5.988) 185.9

(7.319) 150.4

(5.921) 1,450.9

(57.122)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 13.4 12.0 11.9 13.6 12.9 10.4 8.8 9.6 9.7 12.5 13.0 12.6 140.5

Average snowy days 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.5 3.0

Average relative humidity (%) 77 75 73 77 78 81 80 81 80 78 79 78 78.1

Mean monthly sunshine hours 100.2 114.1 164.4 169.4 193.7 203.3 209.0 206.8 192.8 141.7 103.8 88.3 1,887.3

Source #1: Météo France[5][6]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[7]

Politics

Mayors

Mandate Name

1788-1789 Pierre Moussempès

1813-1814 Pierre Moussempès

1864-1881 Pierre-Paul Jaulerry

1881-1884 Alcide Augey

1884-1888 Alexandre Larralde-Diustegi

1888-1895 Alcide Augey

1895-1904 Félix Moureu

1904-1919 Pierre Forsans

1919-1929 Joseph Petit

1929-1941 Ferdinand Hirigoien

1941-1944 Henri Cazalis

1945-1977 Guy Petit

1977-1991 Bernard Marie

1991-2008 Didier Borotra

2008-2014 Didier Borotra

2014-2020 Mixel Veunac

Demography

Date of Population

1793 1800 1806 1820 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851

929 1.171 1.188 - 1.082 1.495 1.705 1.892 1.993 2.048

1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896

2.110 2.771 3.652 4.659 5.507 8.527 8.444 9.177 11.869

1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954

12.812 15.093 18.260 18.353 20.776 22.955 20.691 22.022 22.922

1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2004 - -

25.231 26.750 27.595 26.598 28.742 30.055 - - -

For the census of 1962 to 1999 the official population corresponds with the population without duplicates according to the INSEE.

Economy

 

Although Biarritz’s economy was based on fishing before, nowadays it has a modern economy due to the metropolitan location of Baiona-Anglet-Biarritz. Together with Baiona and Anglet, Biarritz takes part in the management of the BAB Airport. The most important economic activities are:

 

Spa tourism

Sport (golf, surf and rugby)

Thalassotherapy

Industry. The most important industries are the following:

Séguier, French publishing house

Dassault Aviation, manufacturer of fuselage for Falcon planes.

 

Culture

Languages

 

As Anglet and Baiona, since they are located in the limit of Gascony and Basque Country, it is in doubt if in the Middle Age and the Modern era was Basque or Gascon the main language of the city. According to the book Atlas Linguistique de Gascogne, Biarritz is considered a Gascon town. But in 1863, Luis Luciano Bonaparte located the frontier of Basque in Biarritz, which in some neighborhoods was without any doubt the most used language. However, in the 20th-century French was the official and main language. From the 90th decade on, the Townhall of Biarritz has taken the Basque culture and the Basque language, and also it has promoted it. Nevertheless, the Gascon has been promoted by private institution, for instance the group of Gascon culture Ací Gasconha [19]

Museums

 

Sea Museum. Constructed in 1993 in the rock of Atalaia, it is an Art Déco building. It has a huge collection of sea animals and birds.

Museum of Chocolate

Asiatica, museum of the Eastern art. Art from India, Tibet, Nepal and China can be found

Museum of the History of Biarritz. Located in the Angelican Church of Saint Andrew in the 1980 decade

Cité de l’Ocean et du Surf, opened in 2011.

 

Music and dance

 

The city has the Ballet of Biarritz, which is the choreography location of France. Furthermore, it has the cultural centre Atabal and the chorus Oldarra, created in 1946.

Theatre

 

The emperors Napoleon III and Eugene of Montijo pusieron de moda the sea-theater on the Old Port neighborhood. Nowadays, the light works made by Pierre Bideau can be seen at night in the clift.

Cinema

 

Two film festivals of cinema are celebrated in Biarritz:

 

Festival of Latinoamerican Cinema of Biarritz.

International Festival of Audio-Visual Programs (FIPA)

 

Civil buildings

 

Hôtel du Palais or Eugénie House

Building of the Hotel of England, built in 1870 by Louis Moussempés

Natasha House

Sacchino or Castel Biarritz, house of Natalia of Serbia

Plaza Hotel

Cassino of Biarritz, from Art déco style

Lighthouse, built in 1834 in San Martin cape

Villa Black or Black House. Built by Alphonse Bertrand between 1880 and 1895

Goëland House, which from 2003 on is a hotel

Françon Castle

Boulard Castle

Pavilion of England

Fishermen House, in the port

The formerly health resort in the Old Port

Miremont sweet shop

 

Religious buildings

 

Imperial Chapel

Saint Martin church

Saint Eugene church, built between 1898 and 1903

San Alexandro Nevski (fr) and God’s Mother Protection Church

Synagogue of Biarritz

 

Parks

Rocks

 

Rocks of Biarritz. Every year they have an erosion of 70 centimeters

 

Beaches

 

Biarritz has six beaches: Miramar, Big, Old Port, Coast of the Basque, Marbella and Milady

 

Gardens

 

Biarritz has 120 hectare and two lakes (Marion and Muriskot)

In the centre, in front of the Midi station, apart from the public garden, there are Lahuze and Mazon gardens can be find

 

Infrastructures

Sport

 

Surfing in Biarritz is of a world-class standard and first appeared in 1957.[8] The town has a strong surfing culture,[9] and is known worldwide for its surfing scene and the competitions it hosts yearly, including the Quiksilver/Roxy Jam tournament. In July 2011, Biarritz also hosted the Roxy Pro event, a tournament part of the ASP Women's World Tour.

 

The town is home to a prominent rugby union club, Biarritz Olympique.

 

Basque pelota is a very popular sport of the Basque country. Several local and international competitions take place in Biarritz.

 

The golf course near the lighthouse (Le Phare) was created in 1888 by British residents. In addition, the town has a large circular golf range area on the border with illbaritz.

Education

Schools

 

The city has two public schools (Villa Fal and Jean Rostand) and one private (Immaculée-Conception).

High Schools

 

Malraux High Schools is the only one in Biarritz. There is also a tourism high school in the border of the Western neighborhood of La Négresse.

Transport

 

Biarritz is easily accessible from Paris by France's high-speed train, the TGV, and more regionally from Bordeaux, by TGV or TER. Trains are also available to travel east towards Nice. Night trains regularly depart from Irun, south of Biarritz and pass through the city before heading to Paris during an overnight trip. Many tourists and regulars to the city have begun using the night train to take weekend trips to Biarritz and saving travel time by traveling at night. The Biarritz – Anglet – Bayonne Airport is located about four kilometres (2.5 miles) from the city. It is near N10 road towards Anglet and is served by airlines from France, the United Kingdom, Spain, Ireland and Germany.

Notable people and popular culture

Fishing port, beach, and lighthouse

 

Biarritz was the birthplace of:

 

Ernest Fourneau (1872–1949), chemist

Arnaud Massy (1877–1950), professional golfer

Maurice Hankey, 1st Baron Hankey (1877–1963), British civil servant

Jean Borotra (1898–1994), tennis player

Maurice Journeau (1898–1999), composer

Jacques Bergerac (1927 - 2014), actor

Léopold Eyharts (born 1957), astronaut

 

Other:

 

Eugénie de Montijo (1826–1920), the wife of Napoléon III, built the villa Eugénie, today the Hôtel du Palais.

Aaron Bank (1902–2004), World War II Office of Strategic Services (OSS) agent and co-founder of the U.S. Army's Special Forces Group (later, Green Berets), was a lifeguard and medical (physical) therapist's aide at Biarritz before he enlisted in the army in the late 1930s.

Aimée de Heeren, born Soto-Maior de Sá[10] (1903–2006) mistress of President Getúlio Vargas, owned the villa La Roseraie, 12 rue Martias, where she spent summers for half a century, receiving kings, heads of state, and many famous guests.

Pablo de Sarasate (10 March 1844 – 20 September 1908), who was a well known Romantic Era Spanish composer born in Pamplona, Spain, died in this city.

In 1959, Cadillac Motor Car introduced an upper level trim variant of its Eldorado model, marketed as the Eldorado Biarritz, which remained in production through 1985.

 

International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France

Twin towns/sister cities

 

Biarritz is twinned with:[11]

 

United States Augusta, Georgia, United States, since 1992[11]

Portugal Cascais, Portugal, since 1986[11]

Belgium Ixelles, Belgium, since 1958[11]

  

Spain Jerez de la Frontera, Spain, since 1996[11]

Spain Zaragoza, Spain, since 1986

Argentina Mar del Plata, Argentina since 1996

  

Festivities

 

The major festivities are celebrated in November 11, for Saint Martin. That day, the new gentleman of the Confrérie de l’Operne de Biarritz are proclaimed. Barnacle is their logotype and people who work in favor of ecology are chosen Since Biarritz is a city based in tourism, there are acts during the whole summer, such as pelota festivity, equestrian competition, concerts and recitals, folklore festivals, water acrobatic ski, sea trips, performances, rugby competitions, bullfights and night parties.

References

 

INSEE commune file

 

Eugène Goyheneche (1979). Le Pays basque : Soule, Labourd, Basse-Navarre (in French). Pau: Société nouvelle d’éditions régionales et de diffusion. p. 590.

Lee, Sidney (1927). King Edward VII: A Biography. London: Macmillan. pp. 581–582.

George P. Schmidt and J. G. Umstattd. "The American Army University at Biarritz, France." Bulletin of the American Association of University Professors. Vol. 32, No. 2 (Summer, 1946): 303-316.

Encyclopaedia of Surfing. Books.google.com.au. 2005. ISBN 0156032511. Retrieved 2013-05-11.

"Données climatiques de la station de Biarritz" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015.

"Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015.

"Normes et records 1961-1990: Biarritz-Anglet (64) - altitude 69m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved December 28, 2015.

Last Updated: 5:28PM BST 13 Aug 2007 (2007-08-13). "Biarritz: summer nights – Telegraph". Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-05-05.

"News from Biarritz – France". Biarritz.fr. Archived from the original on 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2009-05-05.

Aimee de Heeren Archived 2015-01-10 at the Wayback Machine..

"Twin towns, Biarritz official website". Biarritz.fr. Archived from the original on 2013-07-29. Retrieved 2013-05-11.

Amplie a foto ! --

FOTO HISTÓRICA: UPLOAD No. 1000 - CAXAMBU - MG - ÁGUAS MEDICINAIS E ARQUITETURA .

Espetacular vitral na entrada do Balneário, o prédio mais artístico do Parque das Águas. O conjunto arquitetônico e paisagístico é tombado (protegido por lei), e foi restaurado pelo IEPHA - Instituto Estadual do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico (de Minas Gerais).

Aberto ao público em 05-06-2010.

Caxambu, Minas Gerais - Brasil

ARTUR VITOR IANNINI

Email: arturiannini@yahoo.com.br

 

Enlarge the photo ! --

HISTORICAL PICTURE: UPLOADING No. 1000 - CAXAMBU - MG - MEDICINAL WATERS AND ARCHITECTURE .

Spectacular stained glass window in the entrance of the Spa, the most artistic building of the Park of the Waters.The architectural group and landscape is tumbled (protected by law), and it was restored by IEPHA - State Institute of the Historical and Artistic Patrimony (of Minas Gerais State).

Open to the public in 05-06-2010.

Caxambu city, Minas Gerais State - Brazil

ARTUR VITOR IANNIN

Email: arturiannini@yahoo.com.br

   

- Arches, Cold Pressed, 140 lb. watercolour paper

- size: 6" x 9"

- W&N, Cotman Watercolours, pan paints

 

Here is my entry for the watercolour challenge: Belles at the Ball

This challenge was issued in the group: Watercolourist, Painting with Light

 

I took this photo with my Canon A630...a bit dark I think :-[

Here is a link to Bill Bovington's photo reference:

www.flickr.com/photos/lorus_maver/6956004744/

 

I decided to try negative painting for the background...that was sure fun :-)

The main blossom...by the way...what is it? Hibiscus?? As I was saying, the main blossom is painted with layers of glazing and wet-in wet.

 

We've been having warm temps in the 80's. But it hasn't been humid so it feels wonderful in the evenings. Because it was a wet Spring the mosquitoes have been bothersome. I had my hubby pick up some yard fogger stuff...I just had to or I wouldn't be able to work in the yard. My Zucchini is up :-) I'm hoping for some fruit this year. The Lilies are in full bloom and the cotton is flying from the Cottonwood trees...and lastly, I picked about a dozen blackberries from the bush that we inherited when we purchased our home 6 yrs. ago.

Seulement vous remercier, les amis ! Je ne peux pas rester ce soir, je suis complètement finie ... Une belle semaine à chacun-e de vous !!

 

Just to thank you all, my friends ! I can't stay tonight, i'm completely finished..

A beautiful week to each of you !!

Opera dell’artista Prof.Pedro Angel Terron Manrique,direttore dell'istituto di belle arti dell'università di Madrid .Si è ispirato al Cristo ligneo custodito nell’altare maggiore della Chiesa del SS.Crocifisso in Galtellì, svetta su una delle punte più alte del Monte Tuttavista e illumina con la Sua maestosità i cinque paesi della Baronia-Valle del Cedrino.

 

El trabajo de Ángel Terrón Manrique Prof.Pedro, director del Instituto de Bellas Artes de la Universidad de Madrid. Fue inspirado por el Cristo de madera mantiene el altar mayor de la Iglesia en SS.Crocifisso Galtellì, se encuentra en una de las puntas más Monte Alto Tuttavista e ilumina con Su majestad de los cinco países de la Baronía Cedrino-Valley.

 

The work of Angel Terron Prof.Pedro Manrique, director of the Institute of Fine Arts at the University of Madrid. It was inspired by the wooden Christ maintains the high altar of the Church in SS.Crocifisso Galtelli, is at one end over Monte Alto Tuttavista and illuminates with His Majesty the five countries of the Barony Cedrino-Valley.

LA RUE SAINT-MALO à Brest (29)

De vieilles pierres et des pavés luisants, des histoires anciennes et des arts vivants...

Conceptual art fantasy image.

Theme based on Greek mythology. Gaea (Gaia), mother of Earth and her daughter Rhea.

R. Keith Clontz and Leah Spitz Art Project

Models: Belle and Courtney Crouse.

Fall is such a nice season..especially on sunny days !!

I am playing with adding my "artist- signature" .What do you think ?

 

L'automne , une si belle saison , surtout les jours ensoleillés.

J'expérimente en ajoutant ma "signature d'artiste-photographe" .Qu'en pensez-vous ?

la belle de nuit, caffe Caruso Lugano - my adventures in Lugano 2012

#artjournal #oilpastel #draw365 #swiss ‪#fun by @peter_seelig‬

xplor-stats.com/index.php?id=37578663@N02&mod=history

Courtyard with butterfly.

Szenes House

Architect: István Nagy jr., built in 1906 for Mór Szenes , insurance company superintendent.

View details in my comment below.

Note he stylized Hungarian folk motifs in the forms and decoration of the building!

www.flickr.com/photos/37578663@N02/tags/nagyistv%C3%A1n/

-------------------------------------

Szenes-ház, 1906

Tervezte: ifj. Nagy István

Építtettő: Szenes Mór biztosítóintézeti főfelügyelő

www.oroklet.hu/bent.php?nyelv=2&igy=&kmod=5&t...

-------------------------------------

Nagy István, ifj. (?-1945 k.); építőmesteri oklevelet szerzett 1899-ben. Terveit mint műépítész írta alá, de nem tudni, hol végezte tanulmányait. Elsősorban budapesti bérházakat tervezett Lechner Ödön követőjeként: VII. Dob. u. 53., Schwarcz-ház (1904-05); XIV. Thököly út 46., Szenes-ház (1905-06); VI. Paulay Ede u. 45., Hermann Nyomda és lakóház (1906 körül).

2014-es állapot, a 2003-as festést-színt ld. a kommentemben lenn.

july09-© all rights reserved. Please don't use this image on websites, blogs or other media without my explicit permission ~ thank you !

661 / 118 / 415

 

seen in EXPLORE.17.7.09

 

# Hellenium /Sonnenbraut - Schwebefliege / Hoverfly/ Syrphidae

 

BauschkeBear sais .."Beautiful shot! I love how you can see right through the bugs wings! "

 

~ wish us all a sunny friday~

 

Art is the most intense mode of individualism that the world has known. (Quote by Oscar Wilde)

The crowning glory of the Belle Époque in Paris - the wonderfully over-the-top Pont Alexandre III. Named after Tsar Alexander III, who had concluded the Franco-Russian Alliance in 1892. The foundation stone was laid by Nicholas II in 1896.

 

This is easily the most famous bridge in Paris and always haeving with tourists. Even though it was raining I still had to wait good ten minutes for the crowds to clear. Still managed to cut off the top of the lamp. Oh well...

 

Press "c" for comment or "f" for fave. Thanks!

Great hall, stained glass windows, outside. Design: Károly Kernstok. Infos see here: www.flickr.com/photos/37578663@N02/6633043371/

--- Belle Epoque@Fantasy Faire 2018 (April 19th ~)

 

- Belle Epoque { Yvonne }

 

Belle Epoque { Yvonne } Helmet

Belle Epoque { Yvonne } Halo

Belle Epoque { Yvonne } Pad L

Belle Epoque { Yvonne } Pad R

Belle Epoque { Yvonne } Dress Olive

Belle Epoque { Yvonne } Drop

 

--- E.V.E @Illuminate

 

E.V.E Stars Curtains M01

  

Credits

Redouté, P.J., Choix des plus belles fleurs et des plus beaux fruits,

t. 70, (1833)

 

From our collection of botanical photographs, illustrations, and paintings. We hope you will enjoy these images as much as we do.

Paris, non loin de Matignon. Nous sommes un mardi. Il fait très froid.

Une réunion professionnelle au Bristol avec Eric Frechon, grand Chef émérite et d'une belle humanité.

Je profite de l'occasion pour vagabonder dans ce quartier animé et argenté. Sur les trottoirs gris vont et viennent des gens simples ou fortunés, souvent in-différenciables.... Dans un chassé croisé de taxis, un petit peuple d'"élus" vivent de riches heures dans un quotidien fait d'une banalité toute "confondante"...

...

Traduct by Dominique Wormald

www.flickr.com/photos/89029704@N08/

 

Paris, not far from Matignon. It was Tuesday and very cold.

I had a business meeting at the Bristol's with Eric Frechon, a highly skilled Chef and a very nice man.

I took the opportunity to wander in this lively and silvery coloured area. On the pavements people from all walks of life (although most of the time they all look the same) are coming and going.... A lot of taxis. And for the “chosen” few people life is good , for the rest life is more mundane.

 

Painted Lady in the salvia

ESPAÑOL

Lavie & Belle es una empresa con una actitud diferente - respecto al arte, los negocios, la vida y el mundo que nos rodea. Estoy muy orgullosa de esta colaboración.

________

 

ENGLISH

lavie & belle is a company with a different attitude – to art, to business, to life and to the world around us. I'm very proud of this collaboration.

   

Mis Productos en Lavie & Belle / My products at Lavie & Belle: www.lavie-belle.com/en/artists/mar_hernandez/

Seen in Detroit's Belle Isle Park

Paris, non loin de Matignon. Nous sommes un mardi. Il fait très froid.

Une réunion professionnelle au Bristol avec Eric Frechon, grand Chef émérite et d'une belle humanité.

Je profite de l'occasion pour vagabonder dans ce quartier animé et argenté. Sur les trottoirs gris vont et viennent des gens simples ou fortunés, souvent in-différenciables.... Dans un chassé croisé de taxis, un petit peuple d'"élus" vivent de riches heures dans un quotidien fait d'une banalité toute "confondante"...

...

Traduct by Dominique Wormald

www.flickr.com/photos/89029704@N08/

 

Paris, not far from Matignon. It was Tuesday and very cold.

I had a business meeting at the Bristol's with Eric Frechon, a highly skilled Chef and a very nice man.

I took the opportunity to wander in this lively and silvery coloured area. On the pavements people from all walks of life (although most of the time they all look the same) are coming and going.... A lot of taxis. And for the “chosen” few people life is good , for the rest life is more mundane.

 

Budapest Art Nouveau, Szenes House

Architect: István Nagy jr., built in 1906 for Mór Szenes , insurance company superintendent.

View details in my comment below.

Note he stylized Hungarian folk motifs in the forms and decoration of the building!

www.flickr.com/photos/37578663@N02/tags/nagyistv%C3%A1n/

-------------------------------------

Szenes-ház, 1906

Tervezte: ifj. Nagy István

Építtettő: Szenes Mór biztosítóintézeti főfelügyelő

www.oroklet.hu/bent.php?nyelv=2&igy=&kmod=5&t...

-------------------------------------

Nagy István, ifj. (?-1945 k.); építőmesteri oklevelet szerzett 1899-ben. Terveit mint műépítész írta alá, de nem tudni, hol végezte tanulmányait. Elsősorban budapesti bérházakat tervezett Lechner Ödön követőjeként: VII. Dob. u. 53., Schwarcz-ház (1904-05); XIV. Thököly út 46., Szenes-ház (1905-06); VI. Paulay Ede u. 45., Hermann Nyomda és lakóház (1906 körül).

 

Paris, non loin de Matignon. Nous sommes un mardi. Il fait très froid.

Une réunion professionnelle au Bristol avec Eric Frechon, grand Chef émérite et d'une belle humanité.

Je profite de l'occasion pour vagabonder dans ce quartier animé et argenté. Sur les trottoirs gris vont et viennent des gens simples ou fortunés, souvent in-différenciables.... Dans un chassé croisé de taxis, un petit peuple d'"élus" vivent de riches heures dans un quotidien fait d'une banalité toute "confondante"...

...

Traduct by Dominique Wormald

www.flickr.com/photos/89029704@N08/

 

Paris, not far from Matignon. It was Tuesday and very cold.

I had a business meeting at the Bristol's with Eric Frechon, a highly skilled Chef and a very nice man.

I took the opportunity to wander in this lively and silvery coloured area. On the pavements people from all walks of life (although most of the time they all look the same) are coming and going.... A lot of taxis. And for the “chosen” few people life is good , for the rest life is more mundane.

 

Niamh's Journey of Dreams, a Tale by Cybele Moon Realized in SL by Ceakay Ballyhoo. Prepare to have a pretty nice moment of dream and happiness.

There is also a Cybele Moon Exhibition.

 

CK (ceakay.ballyhoo):

Ceakay Ballyhoo

Ceakay Ballyhoo's blog

CybeleMoon (hana.hoobinoo) aka "The Dune Mouse":

not always here and not all there

The Runes of the Gatekeeper's Daughter

Cybele (Si Belle) suggests : "An Gaoth Aneas" (The Wind from the South) by The Chieftains.

 

visit: maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/Storybrooke/74/102/35

WL:

📷 Sky: Places Bentham

📷 Water: Pond

Still falling

Breathless and on again

Inside today

Beside me today

Around broken in two

Till your eyes shed

Into dust

Like two strangers

Turning into dust

Till my hand shook

With the way I fear

~Mazzy Star

Soundtrack to the end

 

Follow me on Facebook: www.facebook.com/Sugarfairy88Resident

 

CREDITS

 

Un grand merci à Nancee-art pour sa très belle texture !

 

A big thank you to Nancee-art for its beautiful texture!

 

www.flickr.com/photos/nancee_art/5047389877/

 

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