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The two-story colonnaded space known as the Marble Court was originally separate from the baths and was used for special ceremonies.


The Bath-Gymnasium Complex of Sardis is a fairly common architectural type in Asia Minor combining a Roman bath with its vaulted halls with the colonnaded palaestra of a Hellenistic gymnasium.

The first story carries Ionic capitals, the second a type known as "acanthus-and-fluting".

The streets of Late Roman Sardis were flanked by buildings that served a variety of residential, commercial, and industrial purposes (figs.1,2, 3). The row of small rooms located behind the north portico of the Roman avenue formed part of a lively commercial district in the 5th-6th centuries.

The Temple of Artemis in Sardis was the fourth largest Ionic temple in the world.


The Altar of Artemis (or “Lydian Altar”) is the oldest preserved building in the sanctuary of Artemis, and was the focus of its ritual and ceremony. It has two main building phases, the first of which is probably older than the temple, the second contemporary with the Hellenistic phase of the temple of Artemis.