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Terracotta model of a cart with two horses

"Daunian"

From a tomb at Nola

ca. 750-600 BCE

 

British Museum, London

GR 1865.2-3.53

Ca. 550 BCE

Produced at Athens

Found at Nola (see on Pleiades) in Campania.

 

The retrograde "speaking" Etruscan inscription (Rix, Etruskische Texte Cm 2.62) reads:

venelus. σitrinas

"(I belong to) Venel Śitrina."

 

Photographed on display as part of the exhibit "Gli Etruschi e il MANN" ("The Etruscans and the National Archaeological Museum of Naples"), at the Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli (12 June 2020-21 May 2021).

 

In the collection of the MANN, inv. 80556.

1st half 5th c. BCE

Produced at Athens

Found at Nola (see on Pleiades) in Campania.

 

The Etruscan alphabetic inscription (Rix, Etruskische Texte Cm 9.4) around the base reads:

a c e v z h θ i c l m n p σ q r s t u ɸ χ f

 

Inside the foot, around an incised cross, are three alphas:

a a a

 

Photographed on display as part of the exhibit "Gli Etruschi e il MANN" ("The Etruscans and the National Archaeological Museum of Naples"), at the Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli (12 June 2020-21 May 2021).

 

In the collection of the MANN, inv. 83365(?).

Here the painter Asteas has shown a comedy being performed; all the figures wear the masks and padded costumes of comedy; they are set on a high stage supported by a row of columns which modern archaeologists have termed “Asteas stage.”

This small Paestan-ware krater shows a phlyax play, with an old miser who has been sleeping on his chest of valuables in the center. Two robbers have broken into the house and are pulling him off the chest, while a slave looks on helplessly to the right. The old man lying on top of his treasure chest is named Charinos. Gymnilos and Kosilos are the thieves, Karion the slave standing on the right. Two masks hang on the back wall.

The figures are well drawn and capture the stilted but animated quality of comic acting. They wear the classical Attic comedy costume even though the vessel was produced in Poseidonia/Paestum. Asteas gives a the description of an event in daily life instead of a mythical occurrence. The phlyax scenes and actors should be seen as reflecting the interests of Greek culture in southern Italy and an example of the responsiveness of artists to the interests of their local communities.

 

Source: Clemente Marconi, “Greek Vases: Images, Contexts and Controversies”

 

CAV / CAVI www.beazley.ox.ac.uk

 

Paestan red-figured calyx krater

H. 37 cm.

Attributed to Asteas by signature

Ca. 350 BC

From Nola

Berlin, Antikensammlung, Inv. F. 3044