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Upper left: Athenian Black Gloss kylix

Upper right: Black Gloss lekythos

Lower: two Black Gloss bowls with inscriptions

Late 5th-early 4th c. BCE

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), Tomb 2881

 

The Etruscan graffito inscriptions (Rix, Etruskische Texte, Cm 2.78, Cm 2.79) on the bowls both read

cavriius

"of Cavriiu"

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

Inv. 56284 (lekythos)

inv. 52685 (kylix)

inv. 56286, 56287 (cups)

Late 5th-early 4th c. BCE

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), Tomb 2881

 

The Etruscan graffito inscriptions (Rix, Etruskische Texte, Cm 2.78, Cm 2.79) on the bowls both read

cavriius

"of Cavriiu"

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

inv. 56286, 56287

ceramica comune

2nd half 6th c. BCE

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), southern sanctuary (santuario meridionale) of Apollo

 

The Etruscan graffito inscription reads:

manθ

"Manth"

 

Manth was an Etruscan infernal deity, assimilable to a chthonic Apollo

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

inv. 138714

Left, Etruscan bucchero kantharos (2nd half 6th c. BCE)

Right, Black Gloss cup base (4th c. BCE)

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), southern sanctuary (santuario meridionale) of Apollo

 

The Greek graffito inscriptions read:

Απολ(λωνι)

"to Apollo"

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

inv. 138710 (kantharos)

inv. 138711 (cup)

late 6th c. BCE

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), northern sanctuary in loc. Pastini

 

The Etruscan graffito inscription (Rix, Etruskische Texte Cm 2.20) reads:

amina[-?-]s

"of Amina..."

 

The "Amina[-]" in question may be a family name, but may also be related to the name of the people supposed to have inhabited the territory in the Archaic period, the Aminaioi.

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

inv. 138774

late 6th c. BCE

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), northern sanctuary in loc. Pastini

 

The Etruscan graffito inscription (Rix, Etruskische Texte Cm 2.20) reads:

amina[-?-]s

"of Amina..."

 

The "Amina[-]" in question may be a family name, but may also be related to the name of the people supposed to have inhabited the territory in the Archaic period, the Aminaioi.

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

inv. 138774

4th quarter 6th c. BCE

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), Tomb 962

 

The Etruscan graffito inscription (Rix, Etruskische Texte Cm 2.2) reads:

mi zavena apulas sepunes

"I (am) the zavena of Apula Sepune"

 

A further text (Rix, ET Cm 0.1), incised just above the foot, reads:

θ[--]kalesia

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

Inv. 16786

3rd quarter 6th c. BCE

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), Tomb 940

 

The Etruscan graffito inscription (Rix, Etruskische Texte Cm 2.7) reads:

mi punpunns larices [Rix corrects to mi punpunas larices]

"I (am) of Larice Punpun(n)a"

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

Inv. 16674

Upper left, Black Figure kylix with traces of ancient repairs

Lower left, small bucchero cup

Right, bucchero cup with inscription of Punpuna

3rd quarter 6th c. BCE

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), Tomb 940

 

The Etruscan graffito inscription (Rix, Etruskische Texte Cm 2.7) on the bucchero cup reads:

mi punpunns larices [Rix corrects to mi punpunas larices]

"I (am) of Larice Punpun(n)a"

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

Inv. 16673 (small bucchero cup)

Inv. 16674 (inscribed bucchero cup)

Inv. 16675 (Black Figure kylix)

3rd quarter 6th c. BCE

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), Tomb 940

 

Tomb 940 also included a bucchero cup with Etruscan inscription recording its ownership by Larice Punpun(n)a.

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

Inv. 16675

Left: Protocorinthian aryballos

Right: impasto chalice with inscription

3rd quarter 7th c. BCE, middle Orientalizing period

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), Tomb 3509

Tomb 3509 the burial of an infant, is located near the hypothetical tumulus covering the "princely" burials 926-928, and itself contained rich grave goods beyond those displayed here.

 

The Etruscan graffito inscription (Rivista di Epigrafia Etrusca 2002, n. 84) on the chalice reads:

mi mulu venelasi velχaesi rasuniesi

"I (am) the gift/offering of Venel(i)a (and) Velchae Rasunies"

The family name of the husband Velchae, Rasunies, may be etymologically related to the Etruscan demonym rasna.

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

Inv. 67495 (chalice)

Inv. 67518 (aryballos)

3rd quarter 7th c. BCE, middle Orientalizing period

From Pontecagnano (see on Pleiades), Tomb 3509

Tomb 3509, the burial of an infant, is located near the hypothetical tumulus covering the "princely" burials 926-928, and itself contained rich grave goods beyond those displayed here.

 

The Etruscan graffito inscription (Rivista di Epigrafia Etrusca 2002, n. 84) on the chalice reads:

mi mulu venelasi velχaesi rasuniesi

"I (am) the gift/offering of Venel(i)a (and) Velchae Rasunies"

The family name of the husband Velchae, Rasunies, may be etymologically related to the Etruscan demonym rasna.

 

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Pontecagnano, Campania, Italy

Inv. 67495