The Darters (Anhingidae) are a family of four tropical waterbird species which are all rather similar in appearance. They have a long dagger-like bill , tiny head and long slender kinked neck on a cormorant-like body with the feet well to the rear to enable efficient swimming. The neck vertebrae are jointed in such a way that the head can be projected forward at speed to impale fish. They are almost exclusively freshwater and occur in swamps, lakes, marshes and large rivers. The Old World species are called Darters and occur in Africa, south Asia and a further species in Australia, however, these have been lumped together in the one species in the past. The American species is called the Anhinga and is marginally smaller than the other three species.
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